GROUP EXPECTANCY AND ROLE –PLAYING


English: President Barack Obama jokes with Phi...

English: President Barack Obama jokes with Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo before a news conference in the Oval Office on July 30, 2009. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

so many social
reactions over a period of time, the relations between groups and individuals
become stable

        Closely related to personality in terms
of external relations is what is known as the role the person play. Associates
come to expect or depend upon certain personality manifest stations in the
individual. Thus, a boy who jokes and jollies his friends soon finds that his
companions expect jokes from him. If he tries to meet their expectancy, in time
he will become the funny man of the group. Another boy who gets things done
because he is more persistent may find him self thrust into leadership. As the
group discovers his accomplishment, it turns to him for responsibility and guidance. In a study of the relation of personality traits to group expectancies, it was found that the group by and large rejects the
inconsistent, erratic, and undependable individuals, and looks toward the
consistent, dependable, and conscientious individuals. At any particular time,
almost any person can bear almost any relationship to the group, but over a
long time more permanent and fixed relations appear. Basically, selection and
assignment of particular functions and responsibilities is made in terms of
group needs. In Cabot’s investigation it was found that the adolescent boy with
the normal physique tended to wear his physique much as one wears a modest suit
of clothes and to have normal and natural social relations within the group,
whereas the boys with unusual physique-the boys who were very tall, short, fat
thin, or who had unusual physical features-tended to be more poorly adapted
socially and to be given roles in conformity with their particular physical
make-up.

      Because there are so many social reactions over a period of time, the relations between groups and individuals become stable. The individual comes to have a definite role. With the specialization of interests and activities, the roles become formalized into vocations and jobs. Thus the” funny” boy may become a comedian to whom people listen on the radio because they have come to expect

That he will entertain them with jokes. Similarly, group expectancies operate for the
banker, the baker, and the shoemaker.

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