Hassan Fat’hy arguing for the nobility and wisdom

vernacular architecture in the face of imported models that are alien to Islamic society

In the Islamic and Arabic world, we find great architects such as: Hassan Fat’hyis arguing for the nobility and wisdom of vernacular architecture in the face of…

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Know that the big works are only completed by a busy man

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Man has enough time to complete all required activities all what is needed is to organize his available time. If his time is not organized then man (but not time) shall be responsible for the non completion of his work the nearest of all evil is idleness. A civilized man who appreciates the time value can easily head forth into the future and achieve miracles. Time is more important than money and should be organized with utmost care. Time passes and waits not for anybody. Low and high tides wait no one. If time is not invested in a well defined realistic plan. It will escape and never come back. Time was made like an arrow when shot, it will not turn back to its bow. Money can be lost but also compensated often sometime. Goods are also perishable but also reproduce able.only time passes away but never waits any return back.
Time management
How can we manage our time?
Time value
Time budgeting
The value of time /life
Man’s life on earth is simply his living time from birth to death. Thus your life would be the result of days accommodated whenever a day passes some part of passes some part of your life goes along with it.
Time is like sword; unless you cut best utilized it then it will chop you off. One whose day is like yesterday is an awkward and one whose day is worse than his yesterday is dammed
I am not regretful for anything than a day which when its sun sets reduces my life time but adds nothing to my good deeds.
Time budgeting following the evaluation of our time we need to work out plan for it exactly as any organization lays down its budget at the beginning of each year to prepare an integrated overview of its output quality, quantity and consequently profit and loss balance.
Concentration-the total devotion to work in order to achieve the higher perfection and quality. There is no illness in life that can’t be cured by hard working and deep concentration. GOD change not what is in nation until they change what is in themselves.
Managing your sleeping time
After a long day of hard work and constant preoccupation mans mental condition will be at its lowest serenity. a better approach is to go to sleep early and consequently you will wake up early to new day enjoy the spiritual and psychological lucidity at its highest level.
Manage your time-eating
Available time must be fairly divided between requirements of other activities.
Rest time
Recreation and physical exercise are almost ignored or neglected .get relaxed and give your hearts need recreation from an hour to another because heart becomes blind if under constant compulsion. Harmonies life is thereby continuously kept in lively spiritual, mental and physical immovability.
A sincere heart-to heart dialogue can effectively dissolve any residual controversy so that love and brotherhood have last thing in our daily relationships. Love would replace stream orders. You like them to fulfill their duties also you must like them to get their rights.
Working time
Be disciplined organized your duties and manage your time. Go to work when you feel fit. Take out specific activities and complete them one by one. Jumping from one incomplete job to another incomplete means a loss of time. All work eventually tries out the mind until you reach a state of mental fatigue; change over from one type of work to another.
Crisis management-is part of managing your time efficiently always be prepared to face problems and crises in course of time you will develop a positive attitude with which you solve promptly all problems
Learn the value of your time
Put the right person at the right place. Make best use of your time by training your assistance so that they could shoulder responsibility as a team.
Everything in its place, a place for everything. Life is the sum of all friends with whom you are closely and constantly related

Constructivism and Gestalt


Piano (Photo credit: me5otron)

Constructivism was initially the architectural equivalent of expressionism in art and a symptom of the new found love affair with expressing the innermost qualities of human psychology. The early constructionist works – putting their obsession with technology aside – were breaking down the boundary between art and life – or more accurately the boundary between art and certain aspects of human physiology and psychology. The physiological aspects – with the ‘skeletons’ and ‘vessels’ of buildings exposed – would ultimately influence the externalised frame and pipework of Piano and Rodger’s Pompidou Centre in Paris.
However, the psychological aspects, in terms of representation and effect were equally important. Gestalt psychology was founded in Germany in the 1910s and its influence extended across Europe, including Russia. Arguing originally against the structuralists (who took the position that phenomena could be pared down to


Psychology (Photo credit: 田村)

certain primitive perceptual elements) the Gestaltists maintained that psychological phenomena could only be understood if considered as organised wholes, or Gestalten

Art is not totally with the influence of the out side world

Untitled (Interior with choir screen, unidenti...

Untitled (Interior with choir screen, unidentified English church) (Photo credit: Cornell University Library)


The values of Art


Material valueCARLOS TOUCH
Intrinsic value
Depends on the general assessment of an artist and the esthetic character of his or her work.
Religious value.
Nationalistic value
The pride and accomplishment of a culture.
Psychological value











The Modernization of Ethiopian Art is not totally with the influence of the out side world but it was a kind of integrated. It is the gradual integration of the ancient teaching methods with that of the newly introduced teachings of the out side world (with students sent to the out side world to study art).



The fortified historic town of Harar

The fortified historic town of Harar is located in the eastern part of the country on a plateau with deep gorges surrounded by deserts and savannah. The walls surrounding this sacred Muslim city were built between the 13th and 16th centuries. Harar Jugol, said to be the fourth holiest city of Islam, numbers 82 mosques, three of which date from the 10th century, and 102 shrines, but the townhouses with their exceptional interior design constitute the most spectacular part of Harar’s cultural heritage. The impact of African and Islamic traditions on the development of the town’s building types and urban layout make for its particular character and uniqueness.
The historic town of Harar Jugol exhibits an important interchange of values of original Islamic culture, expressed in the social and cultural development of the city enclosed within the otherwise Christian region. Such influences have been merged with traditions that relate to the inland of Africa and particularly to southern Ethiopia, giving a particular characteristic form to its architecture and urban plan.
Criterion (iii): Harar Jugol bears exceptional testimony to cultural traditions related to Islamic and African roots. It is considered “the fourth holy city” of Islam, having been founded by a holy missionary from the Arabic Peninsula. Though a trading place and thus a melting pot of various influences, Harar has been in relative isolation in its region, contributing to a cultural specificity, expressed in its characteristic community structure and traditions, which are still alive.
Harar Jugol is an outstanding example of a type of architectural and urban ensemble which illustrates the impact of African and Islamic traditions on the development of specific building types. The building types and the entire urban layout reflect these traditions, which give a particular character and even uniqueness to Harar Jugol.
Harar Jugol with its surrounding landscape is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, representative of cultural interaction with the environment. The social and spatial structure (afocha) and the language of the people all reflect a particular and even unique relationship that there developed with the environment. The cultural and physical relationships with the territory have survived till today, but they are also vulnerable to irreversible change under the impact of modern globalizing